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Gettysburg July 1-3, 1863

The Battle of Gettysburg was fought 150 years ago on July 1st to July 3rd, 1863. Orrin L. Gatchell served in the 72nd New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment of the Excelsior Brigade, which was a unit of the III U.S. Army Corps commanded by Major General Daniel E. Sickles. The Excelsior Brigade, positioned at the “bloody angle” on July 2nd, felt the full force of the assault by Confederate forces. The Brigade, commanded by Colonel William Brewster, lost 778 or 42% of the 1,837 soldiers engaged in the battle. Although the Union Army was judged victorious at the Battle of Gettysburg, any positive morale the troops had gained was short-lived as the Union Army under General Meade’s command failed to pursue Lee and his retreating army, squandering their advantage and prolonging the war.

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